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What is the West Bank and Gaza Strip called?

What is the West Bank and Gaza Strip called?

The term “Palestinian territories” has been used for many years to describe the territories occupied by Israel since 1967 within the former British Mandate for Palestine, namely the West Bank (including East Jerusalem) and the Gaza Strip.

What is the conflict in West Bank and Gaza Strip?

Gaza is ruled by the Palestinian militant group Hamas, which has fought Israel many times. Israel and Egypt tightly control Gaza’s borders to stop weapons getting to Hamas. Palestinians in Gaza and the West Bank say they are suffering because of Israeli actions and restrictions.

How did Israel gain control of the West Bank and the Gaza Strip?

The fact that Israel fought a war of self-defense in the Six Day War in June 1967 was recognized by the world’s democracies at the time. It was that defensive war against Arab aggression that resulted in Israel’s taking control of the West Bank and Gaza Strip.

What is the significance of Gaza Strip?

Gaza is dependent on Israel for its water, electricity, telecommunications, and other utilities. The Gaza Strip acquired its current northern and eastern boundaries at the cessation of fighting in the 1948 war, confirmed by the Israel–Egypt Armistice Agreement on 24 February 1949.

Who did the Gaza Strip originally belong to?

Originally a Canaanite settlement, it came under the control of the ancient Egyptians for roughly 350 years before being conquered and becoming one of the Philistines’ principal cities. Gaza became part of the Assyrian Empire around 730 BCE.

Why is it called West Bank?

The “West Bank” name was given to the territory after it was captured by Jordan in the 1948 Arab–Israeli War because it sits on the west side of the Jordan River. Jordan subsequently annexed the territory in 1950 and held it until 1967 when it was occupied by Israel during the 1967 Six-Day War.

How did Hamas take control of Gaza?

Government and politics. In 2006, Hamas won the 2006 Palestinian legislative elections and assumed administrative control of Gaza Strip and West Bank. In 2007, Hamas led a military victory over Fatah, the secular Palestinian nationalist party, which had dominated the Palestinian National Authority.

How was Gaza Strip formed?

As a result of heavy fighting in autumn 1948, the area around the town under Arab occupation was reduced to a strip of territory 25 miles (40 km) long and 4–5 miles (6–8 km) wide. This area became known as the Gaza Strip.

What is the meaning of Gaza?

What does Gaza mean? The word Gaza comes from the Hebrew Azzah, loosely meaning “strong city.” The entire region is named for its capital city, which has been conquered many times over the centuries. Among its many rulers were the Philistines. The theme of “strength” is indirectly connected to Gaza in the Bible.

How did the Gaza Strip get its name?

The former region owes its name to its positioning on the west of the Jordan river. It was named so after Jordan won this region in the 1948 Arab-Israeli War. The Gaza strip is a narrow strip of land on the coast of the Mediterranean Sea. After the 1948 war, it was placed under Egyptian control.

What are the problems in the Gaza Strip?

Under Hamas control, Gaza has suffered from rising unemployment, elevated poverty rates, and a sharp contraction of the private sector, which had relied primarily on export markets.

When did the Intifada start in the Gaza Strip?

In 2000, a violent intifada or uprising began, and in 2001 negotiations to determine the permanent status of the West bank and Gaza Strip stalled. Subsequent attempts to re-start negotiations have not resulted in progress toward determining final status of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.

When did Israel take the West Bank and Gaza?

The second Arab-Israeli War took place in 1967, and this is when Israel militarily occupied the rest of Palestine. This included the West Bank and Gaza. The UN Resolution 242 ordered Israel to withdraw from the territories it seized in the 1967 war, but this has been dismissed by Israel to this day.