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What is the phase of the FFT?

What is the phase of the FFT?

The output of the FFT is a complex vector containing information about the frequency content of the signal. The magnitude tells you the strength of the frequency components relative to other components. The phase tells you how all the frequency components align in time.

How do you calculate the phase of a signal?

Calculating Phase Shift Dividing the frequency into 1 gives the period, or duration of each cycle, so 1/100 gives a period of 0.01 seconds. The phase shift equation is ps = 360 * td / p, where ps is the phase shift in degrees, td is the time difference between waves and p is the wave period.

How do you read a FFT plot?

You can generate an FFT (fast-Fourier-transform) plot by periodically collecting a large number of conversion samples from the output of an ADC. Typically, ADC manufacturers use a single-tone, full-scale analog input signal for the performance curves in product data sheets.

What does phase of a signal tell you?

The phase of a signal gives information about the relation between the different frequencies. The phase determines where the signal energy will be localized in time.

How do you calculate phase difference?

Phase difference can be measured on an oscilloscope by determining the time delay between two waveforms along with their period. All periodic signals can be described in terms of amplitude and phase. We all learned that in basic circuit theory.

What is FFT size?

The FFT size defines the number of bins used for dividing the window into equal strips, or bins. Hence, a bin is a spectrum sample , and defines the frequency resolution of the window. By default : N (Bins) = FFT Size/2.

What is the magnitude of FFT?

Basically, the magnitude of the FFT is the amplitude of the associated frequency component. When you’re using the FFT function in MATLAB you probably also want to use the fftshift function to center the results around 0.

How is the amplitude of a FFT related to the phase?

The amplitude of the FFT is related to the number of points in the time-domain signal. Use the following equation to compute the amplitude and phase versus frequency from the FFT. where the arctangent function here returns values of phase between –π and +π, a full range of 2π radians.

How is the FFT used in signal analysis?

Computations Using the FFT The power spectrum shows power as the mean squared amplitude at each frequency line but includes no phase information. Because the power spectrum loses phase information, you may want to use the FFT to view both the frequency and the phase information of a signal.

How long does a reconstructed FFT signal last?

The reconstructed signal has preserved the same initial phase shift and the frequency of the original signal. Note: The length of the reconstructed signal is only sample long (~ 0.8 seconds duration), this is because the size of FFT is considered as . Since the signal is periodic it is not a concern.

How to obtain a double-sided plot using FFT?

For obtaining a double-sided plot, the ordered frequency axis (result of fftshift) is computed based on the sampling frequency and the amplitude spectrum is plotted. 3b. Extract phase of frequency components (phase spectrum) Extracting the correct phase spectrum is a tricky business.