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Can you survive subungual melanoma?

Can you survive subungual melanoma?

The survival rates can get lower depending on how advanced the condition is when diagnosed and treated. If subungual melanoma is diagnosed at its final stage, or Stage IV, the survival rate is 15% to 20% at five years and 10% to 15% at 10 years.

Can you get cancer under your toenail?

Toenail melanoma is another name for subungual melanoma. It’s an uncommon form of skin cancer that develops underneath the fingernail or toenail.

Why is there a black dot under my nail?

Splinter hemorrhages are tiny blood spots that appear underneath the nail. They look like splinters and occur when tiny blood vessels (capillaries) along the nail bed are damaged and burst. The nail bed is the skin underneath the nail.

How do you know if you have melanoma under your toenail?

Here are certain warning signs to look out for:

  1. brown or black bands of color that increase in size over time.
  2. change in skin pigment (darkening around the affected nail)
  3. splitting nail or bleeding nail.
  4. drainage (pus) and pain.
  5. delayed healing of nail lesions or trauma.
  6. separation of the nail from the nail bed.

What does a black spot under your toenail mean?

A black spot under the nail can indicate a type of melanoma called acral lentiginous melanoma (ALM). These melanomas can appear anywhere on the body, including underneath fingernails and toenails. The sub-type of ALM that affects the nail is called subungual melanoma.

What causes black spots under nails?

What are Red or black spots on the nails? The red or black spots may be splinter hemorrhages associated with endocarditis. It can look like a splinter of wood under the nail. The condition is caused by small damaged blood vessels under the nail.

How do you treat black spots under toenails?

Over-the-counter ointments, creams, and polishes are usually effective. Severe cases may require a prescription antifungal treatment. If a black toenail is caused by an injury, the resulting spot from broken blood vessels will disappear once your nail grows out.

Can a black spot on toenail be fungus?

An underlying medical condition: This may include anemia, diabetes, heart disease, or kidney disease. Fungal infections: While these often look white or yellow, fungal infections can sometimes cause black toenails from debris buildup.

Why do I have a black spot on the base of my toenail?

Black spot toenail fungus can be the result of a nail fungus known as onychomycosis. The spot is often seen with brittle toenails with a yellowish hue color. This condition requires an antifungal treatment or a specialized nail polish with medical components.

Is my black toenail caused by fungus?

Black toenails can be caused by a fungal infection, which is common in immuno-compromised patients, or they may indicate underlying melanoma (a malignant tumor consisting of dark-pigmented cells called melanocytes ).

What causes black under nail beds?

The most common causes for black toenails are dermatophytes, which are microscopic organisms that grow under the nail bed and thrive in warm, damp conditions. Excessive sweating and keeping the feet confined in shoes for long periods of time may lead to bouts of toenail fungus.

What causes melanoma under toenail?

The exact cause of melanoma of nail is unknown, but the presumable causes include too much exposure to UV radiation of sun. This may cause damage to the DNA and promote accelerated growth of certain cells that develop into cancer.