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What was a German private called?

What was a German private called?

Enlisted personnel (Mannschaften)

Insignia Rank Translation
N/A Soldat (Offiziersanwärter OA) Soldier (Officer aspirant)
Obersoldat (from 1936) Senior private
Gefreiter “Exempted”

What rank is a Hauptmann?

While Haupt in contemporary German means ‘main’, it also has and originally had the meaning of ‘head’, i.e. Hauptmann literally translates to ‘head-man’, which is also the etymological root of captain. It equates to the rank of captain in the British and US Armies, and is rated OF-2 in NATO.

What is GEFR?

Gefr.; plural Gefreite) is a German, Swiss and Austrian military rank that has existed since the 16th century. It is usually the second rank or grade to which an enlisted soldier, airman or sailor could be promoted.

What is the highest rank in the German Army ww2?

General (Germany)
General (German pronunciation: [ɡenəˈʁaːl]) is the highest rank of the German Army and German Air Force. As a four-star rank it is the equivalent to the rank of admiral in the German Navy.

What were Hitler’s soldiers called?

listen), lit. ‘defence force’) was the unified armed forces of Nazi Germany from 1935 to 1945. It consisted of the Heer (army), the Kriegsmarine (navy) and the Luftwaffe (air force).

What did German soldiers call British soldiers?

It can be used as a term of reference, or as a form of address. German soldiers would call out to “Tommy” across no man’s land if they wished to speak to a British soldier. French and Commonwealth troops would also call British soldiers “Tommies”.

What was Hitler’s rank?


Adolf Hitler
Allegiance German Empire Weimar Republic
Branch Imperial German Army Bavarian Army Reichswehr
Years of service 1914–1920
Rank Gefreiter

What rank is reichsmarschall?

Rank Reichsmarschall
NATO rank code OF-10
Non-NATO rank 6 Star
Formation 12th century (historical) 19 July 1940

What does Efreitor mean?

(from the German gefreiter; literally, “freed,” meaning that the rank frees the serviceman from certain duties of the private), the military rank of senior and outstanding soldiers who have taken the place of squad leaders. The rank first appeared in the early 17th century in Germany.

What happened to Adolf Hitler’s Iron Cross?

He threw away his Iron Cross before he was captured in Czecho-slovakia in 1945. A junk dealer sold him the one he uses nowadays to pose for “historical photos”.

What was Hitler’s military rank?

Lance Corporal
By all surviving accounts, Hitler was a brave soldier: he was promoted to the rank of Lance Corporal, was wounded twice (in 1916 and 1918), and was awarded several medals.

What is the German equivalent of a general?

Generalmajor, short GenMaj (‘major general’), is a general officer rank in Germany and Austria, and is equivalent to, and translated as, major general.

Who was the Obergefreiter in World War 2?

Obergefreiter (abbr. OGefr.) is a rank of the German and Swiss militaries which dates from the 19th century. A somewhat large portion of the German Army in the Second World War consisted of enlisted men, especially during the later years of the war with conscription laws being increased to fight off the advancing Soviet Army.

Where does the rank of Obergefreiter come from?

Obergefreiter ( abbr. OGefr.) is a rank of the German and Swiss militaries which dates from the 19th century. Former German Wehrmacht Obergefreiter rank insignia (Illustrated: Luftwaffe airman Flieger shoulder tab with yellow piping and Obergefreiter insignia worn on the upper left-sleeve).

What does Obergefreiter mean in the Swiss Armed Forces?

In the Swiss Armed Forces the rank of Obergefreiter (short: Obgfr) was introduced after a long debate on 1 January 2004. They are specialists, who take over tasks of responsibility or hold the position of a group commander. In the Bundeswehr the lower rank is Gefreiter while the next rank is Hauptgefreiter.

What is the NATO code for Obergefreiter?

The NATO-Code is OR-3 which would make Obergefreiter the equivalent to Private / Airman / Seaman First Class in most forces or, e.g., Lance Corporal in the Australian / New Zealand Forces.