# How can k-mer estimation help find genome size?

## How can k-mer estimation help find genome size?

To obtain actual genome size (N), divide the total k-mers (n) by coverage (C).

What is k-mer size?

Usually, the term k-mer refers to all of a sequence’s subsequences of length , such that the sequence AGAT would have four monomers (A, G, A, and T), three 2-mers (AG, GA, AT), two 3-mers (AGA and GAT) and one 4-mer (AGAT). More generally, a sequence of length will have k-mers and total possible k-mers, where.

### How do you know what size k-mer to get?

The optimal kmer-length should be less than read length Other than that there are not really any strict rules, just the longer the read, and the more coverage, generally the longer the kmer you can use.

What is MB in genetics?

unit of length for DNA fragments equal to 1 million nucleotides and roughly equal to 1 cM.

#### What is a haploid genome?

Definition 1: Genome is the haploid set of chromosomes. Haploid means a half set of paired chromosomes. In humans, that is 23 chromosomes (Figure 2). Non-sex cells in the human body contain 23 chromosome pairs, making the total chromosome count to be 46.

How do you calculate genome size?

Calculation of the genome sizes The genome size, i.e. the number of base pairs per genome, is given by Γ = C × NA × MBp–1, where NA is Avogadro’s number (6.022 × 1023 mol–1) and MBp is the mean molar mass of a base pair (660 g mol–1).

## What is k-mer analysis?

k-mer can indicate low quality or contamination in your sequences. Usually you compute it by checking if there is a string of length k that occurs in the reads more than chance. Tools like Fastqc can also give you a visual representation to that and to what kind of sequence you see.

How is genome coverage calculated?

coverage = (read count * read length ) / total genome size.

### What is genome reduction?

Genome reduction, also known as genome degradation, is the process by which an organism’s genome shrinks relative to that of its ancestors. Genomes fluctuate in size regularly, and genome size reduction is most significant in bacteria.

How many genomes are there in a haploid cell?

The answer is the DNA in the 23 chromosome pairs I inherited from my parents. Plus the DNA in the mitochondria I inherited from my mother. If we define a genome to be a haploid set of chromosomes in sex cells, then non-sex cells contain two haploid genomes, one from each parent.

#### Is haploid mitosis or meiosis?

Meiosis produces 4 haploid cells. Mitosis produces 2 diploid cells. The old name for meiosis was reduction/ division. Meiosis I reduces the ploidy level from 2n to n (reduction) while Meiosis II divides the remaining set of chromosomes in a mitosis-like process (division).